Star Of David Chanukkiah With Hamsa
Star Of David Chanukkiah With Hamsa and priestly breastplate.
Height: 20cm (7.87inch), Length: 18.5 (7.09inch), Width on the base: 7.2cm (2.76inch).
Price includes shipping.
Many confuse Menorah with Hanukkiah. Indeed, they are very similar. But the Menorah has seven lightning stalks, and Hanukkiah has eight, plus one additional lightning stalk for “shamash” – the “service attendant” candle, that is lit the first and then used to light the other candles. The menorah stood in the Jerusalem Temple, its fire was constantly burning. Hanukkiah is set and lit in every Jewish home; it burns only in the days of Hanukkah. Hanukkah is a Jewish Holiday, usually celebrated in the month of December (25 of Kislev according to the Jewish calendar) to commemorate the victory of Maccabees over Greek Pagans and the related miracles that took place in the Temple of Jerusalem.
When Pagan Greeks lead by Antiochus Epiphanies, the cruel Greek-Syrian King of the Seleucid Empire, have occupied Jerusalem and seized the Temple in 167 B.C., they first decided to eliminate Judaism by defiling all the sacred items used in the Temple Service and started the process of “Hellenization” – spreading Greek language, culture and religion over the Jewish population of Judea. This was an attack against Judaism, believed by many historians to be the cruelest and the most unprecedented attack against single religion in the ancient world. Pagans wanted to eliminate Judaism by defiling all the sacred items used in the Temple Service. Instead of eliminating the population of Israel, pagans wanted to eliminate their religion, eliminate their culture and traditions and thus to replace the Jewish religion and culture with the Greek Paganism. It was forbidden to Jewish people to study the Bible, and to keep the commandments of the Lord. They have even started to install statues of Pagan Idols in the Holy Temple.
The process of “Hellenization” that was relatively successful in the other Greek colonies, failed to gain success on the Land of Israel owing to the heroism of Jewish people who decided to protect their Bible and their belief in one God until the very end. A family of Maccabees, who belonged to the Hashmonaim dynasty of Cohens (descendants of Aaron, elder brother of Moses and the first High Priest of the Jewish people), raised a revolt against the cultural genocide carried out by Pagans. After gaining the victory over the Pagans and liberating the Holy Temple, Maccabees searched for olive oil to light up the Golden Menorah and to restore the Temple Service, but they could only find one jug sealed with the seal of the High Priest. All other olive oil in the temple was defiled by Greeks to prevent Jews from using it for the Temple Service. This one sealed jug of oil was only enough to burn for one day, but a miracle happened and it burned for eight days until Jews could deliver the new batch of clean olive oil.
The Sages of Israel decided to turn these eight days (beginning the 25 of Kislev – usually falls to the month of December) to the days of joy and glorification of the Almighty and decided to light the lamps at the entrance to the house every evening throughout these 8 days in order to openly testify to the miracle. This holiday was called “Hanukkah” – the day when the Jewish people finally sighed freely and regained the right to study the Torah and to openly express their belief in One God, God of Abraham and Moses. The very name of the holiday contains a hint of it since the word “Hanukkah” can be read as Hanu-ka, in Hebrew – “the twenty-fifth we rested”. The holiday of Hanukkah has various traditions – baking donuts, organizing costume shows for children, singing songs to commemorate the miracles and the heroism of Jewish rebels, but the most important custom is to light up Hanukkiah, adding up one new candle from right to left each day (candles are added from right to left, but ignited from left to right). This is why another name of “Hanukkah” is “Festival of Lights”. Every Jewish house has at least one Hanukkiah, some families keep one Hanukkiah for each family member. It is believed that the one who lights Hanukkah in his house maintains the light of the Jerusalem Temple.
Star of David – hexagram, composed of two equilateral triangles, nowadays serves as an emblem of Judaism. According to legend, the shield of King David was just of this form, so the original Hebrew name of the Star of David is Magen David, which means “David’s Shield”. The image of the Star of David is emblazoned in the center of the Flag of Israel and is also often placed on synagogues, sacred vessels, etc., serves as the emblem of the Zionist organization and many other institutions.
Khamsa (or Hamsa) is a palm-shaped amulet used by North-African and Midle-Eastern Jews as a protective amulet against “evil-eye”. The word “Khamsa” originates from Semitic languages (akkadic, aramaic, hebrew, arabic etc.) and means “five”. Other names of Khamsa are: “Yad Ha-Hamesh” (Hand of Five) or “Hand of Miriam”, named Miriam, the sisters of Moses and Aaron. Hamsa is also associated with five books of the Torah. Classic Khamsa has a symmertical shape with thumbs on both sides.
12 stones on the Hoshen, the precious Priestly Breastplate that was worn by the High Priest in Jerusalem Temple stand for the twelve tribes of Israel:
- Ruby (Red) stands for the tribe Reuben;
- Jade (Green) stands for the tribe Shimon;
- Agate (Red, White, and Black Striped) stands for the tribe of Levi;
- Carbuncle (Bluish-Green) stands for the tribe of Judah;
- Lapis-Lazuli (Blue) stands for the tribe of Issachar;
- Quartz Crystal (Clear) stands for the tribe of Zebulun;
- Turquoise (Greenish Blue) stands for the tribe of Dan;
- Amethyst (Purple) stands for the tribe of Naftali;
- Agate (Grey) stands for the tribe of Gad;
- Aquamarine (Light Blue) stands for the tribe of Asher;
- Onyx (Black) stands for the tribe of Joseph, divided in itself to two tribes of the sons of Joseph: Ephraim and Menashe;
- Opal (A Stone Possessing All the Colors) stands for the tribe of Benjamin.
Height: 20cm (7.87inch), Length: 18.5 (7.09inch), Width on the base: 7.2cm (2.76inch)
Price includes shipping.
|Dimensions||18.5 x 7.2 x 20 cm|