Nano-Bible – The World’s Smallest Bible

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The Nano-Bible is developed by the Russell Berry Institute of Nanotechnology (RBIN), located at Haifa’s Technion. The Nano-Bible is is a gold-plated silicon crystal the size of a pinhead. It includes the full text of either the Hebrew Bible (in Hebrew) or the New Testament (in Greek) is engraved. The text consisting of 1 million 200 thousand letters of the Hebrew Bible and imprinted with a focused ion beam. The ion beam “cuts out” the atoms of gold and thus “writes” letters, which resemble the ancient technology of carving texts on stone. The writing process takes about 90 minutes for each chip. For the Nano-Bible, a unique font designed for this technology was used: seeing the letters very brightly on a gold background. In order to view the text, it is necessary to use a microscope with a magnification of at least 10 thousand times.

The use of the modern incarnation of the ancient writing technique, demonstrates the wonders of the miniaturization of our century, and provides the viewer with their own eyes to evaluate the level of micro miniaturization achievable today. Compact storage of information is not only used by people. In nature, there is a super-compact presentation of data – all information about living organisms is recorded in DNA and passed down from generation to generation.


Nano-Bible was invented and brought into life by Professor Uri Sivan and Dr. Ohad Zohar from the Russell Berry Institute of Nanotechnologies and the Haifa Technion, the leading Israeli Technology Institute, located in Haifa. Engineers made the practical implementation of the prototype from Sarah Nanoelectronics Center and Moshe Zisapel and Wolfson Microelectronics Training and Research Center. Former Israeli President Shimon Perez granted the first two copies of Nano-Bible to Pope Benedict XVI during his visit to Israel in 2009.


Nano-Bible – The World’s Smallest Bible

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