Kiddush is a Hebrew word for sanctification. It’s a recitation, which you say when marking a Jewish holiday like the Shabbat. You must recite the Kiddush before you partake any celebratory meal. However, you don’t just recite the Kiddush using same words. Different holidays require different wordings.
To perform mitzvah for cleansing oneself and the holy day, you must drink wine from the Kiddush cup. This ritual blesses Sabbath meal. You recite the prayer when filling or refilling the cup. During Shabbat (Sabbath), the last day of the week, a male leader leads family in observing the ceremony.
The material making up the cup of sanctification is silver, although it’s common to find a lining of the precious metals over other materials. Wine, fine flour and honey go hand-in-hand with abundance; hence, blessing.
Parts of the Kiddush
There are three parts:
- Reciting a verse in Genesis over wine
- Blessing the wine, showing appreciation of God’s creation of the wine.
- Thanking God for blessing the holy day
You must bless the meal and wine before you partake them. You can spice up your meal with refreshments, such as pastries, snacks, juices, etc.
The Shabbat Meal: Seder
The children of Israel left, following the plagues that befell Egypt. Since then, the descendants remember when God delivered them from slavery through Moses. And so, the Israelites eat a special meal: Seder, to commemorate the historic event. Wine is just but one of the components of the Seder meal. Others include:
- Bitter herbs
The mitzvah involves drinking wine from four cups. The last and fifth cup: the Cup of Elijah is setup for completing the remainder of the Seder. You shouldn’t drink from the cup. These cups remind us of the Passover; that Jesus is the lamb, sacrificed, whose blood sanctifies us.
What Kiddush cup Symbolizes During Passover
Kiddush cup is the first cup. In Exodus 6:6, God promised to deliver the people of Israel from bondage, and He did. After the mass exit, Israel become a holy nation. In same way, Jesus frees us from the shackles of darkness (John 17:19).
A second cup is the deliverance. During the Seder, we remember how the Lord gave instructions to the people of Israel, which helped to save them from God’s prosecutor angels. In the same, Jesus’s blood covers us, shielding us from judgment (John 8:32).
The third cup is the redemption. While the penalties of sin are death, we see how God gave Israelites a new lease of life. Jesus’s sacrifice gives us a second chance; a chance to redeem ourselves through Him (Galatians 4:4-5).
The last cup is God’s Kingdom. It reminds us of God’s sovereignty; a dominion He has over all creations. As part of His creation, God accepted the Israelites as His children. Whoever has faith in Him and act in accordance with His laws – a righteous person – is accepted in the Kingdom (John 15:11).
We see how Jesus partakes of the Seder (Matthew 6; Luke 22). He makes a covenant with the believers. As a Redeemer who lives, the Messiah reminds us of how Satan has chained us spiritually to sin. Hence, we require redemption. Just as God’s angels poured plagues over Egypt, so we’re indebted to Jesus, because He shields us from judgment.
All we need to do is simply have faith in Him. Therefore, Jesus served as a ransom, and the price was huge. We’re indebted to praise and worship, as it’s through Him that we can restore our long-lost connection with God (Titus 2:1-5).
The Kiddush cup is the first of the four cups, which marks the mitzvah to bless over the wine and Seder. The male leader of the house is one who leads the recitation of the Kiddush. There are three parts of the recitation, and involve blessing over wine and thinking God for blessing the day. The cup of sanctification has meanings.